Wastewater Monitoring — Key Parameter TOC

As a result of the implementation of the EU Industrial Emission Directive (IED), the total organic carbon (TOC) parameter is being introduced broadly into the monitoring of wastewater in various industries. In the industry documents regarding the best available technologies (BAT, BREF — Best Reference), the modern TOC parameter is preferred compared to the conventional chemical oxygen demand (COD) parameter.

Why is TOC preferred compared to COD?

  • TOC is subject to uniform regulation across Europe by the EN 1484 standard
  • There is no European norm for the COD parameter
  • The TOC does not rely on the use of very toxic compounds 
  • According to site-specific correlation factors, it is easily possible to convert the TOC values into the previously determined COD values in order to maintain a continuity between both systems

European BREF regulations are going to be integrated into national wastewater regulations in 2018/19 for a first selection of industry sectors. The parameter TOC now plays a central role for wastewater monitoring. For now, this primarily concerns the production of pulp, paper and board and the oil refining industries. Other industries are set to follow suit — especially the waste treatment sector, wood-based panel production and common wastewater treatment in the chemical industries. 

Overview of the new initial TOC/TNb target values in Germany for wastewater at the point of discharge per industry:

  • Pulp production TOC 12 kg/t and TNb 20 mg/l 
  • Paper and cardboard TOC 0.90 kg/t and TNb 20 mg/l
  • Oil refinery TOC 25 mg/l and TNb 20 mg/l

Daily Measurements of TOC

The measurement frequency of the TOC and TNb parameters (Total bound Nitrogen) will increase according to the new regulations. Now, wastewater samples have to be tested daily according to these parameters (2- or 24-hour mixed sample). Numerous direct discharge bodies are integrating the corresponding analyzer technique into their plant’s own wastewater testing laboratories. This is due to the fact that commissioning external providers at such a high testing rate makes little sense in terms of time and cost. The affected industries need immediate analysis solutions that are optimized for high throughput and rapid processing in the wastewater area, and that can be integrated into the existing analysis processes of the different companies in a cost-effective way.

Overcoming the Challenging TOC/TNAnalysis Requirements

With its multi N/C® series, Analytik Jena offers an optimized solution for the simultaneous determination of the TOC and TNb parameters. As a result, the daily measurements prescribed by the European wastewater regulations will become a routine task. 

The multi N/C® series can also easily analyze wastewater samples containing particles or oil, which are common in the pulp processing and oil refining industries. Analytik Jena is the only company employing injection techniques in its catalytic high-temperature combustion devices, which almost entirely eliminate the risks of sample carry-over or particle clogging.

Our TOC experts would be happy to advise you and help you optimally prepare for the new challenges in the monitoring of wastewater.

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TOC/TNb Determination in Process Effluents in the pulp and paper industry

TOC/TNb Determination in Pulp and Paper Process Effluents

The pulp and paper industry generates large volumes of wastewater or effluents that need to be treated before they can be reused or released into natural waterways. In this Application Note, learn how to easily measure the parameters TOC and TNb in pulp and paper process effluents on a daily basis to comply with new european regulations regarding industrial wastewater.

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TOC/TNb Determination in Refinery Effluents

TOC/TNb Determination in Refinery Effluents

TOC and TNb contents are routinely determined in effluents as these contaminants lead to eutrophication of surface water resources, endangering aquatic life and groundwater supplies.

Read more about fully automated and simultaneous TOC/TNb determination in refinery effluents

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